cavity wall construction - two leaves of bricks laid end to end with a gap between
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solid wall construction - bricks laid at different directions on alternating rows
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Wall Detail

The Victorian period was the high point of brick usage in the UK, with more bricks being made and laid than at any time in history.

The walls at McMaster Street are of solid brick construction, a technique where bricks are laid at different directions on alternating rows to form a solid wall. This form of building was used up until the 1930’s.

After 1930 brick houses would normally have walls of cavity construction. Cavity walls consist of two leaves of bricks laid end to end with a gap in the middle. This air gap helps prevent water from the outside reaching the interior of the building and can also be lined with insulation to reduce heat loss from the home.

Bricks can be laid in many patterns and moulded to form different shapes, examples of which can be seen here.

Sustainability

Bricks are an incredibly durable material and last long periods of time without decaying or needing replaced.

Bricks can also be recycled and be reused when one building is knocked down and another is built.